The SAPIQ (Standardisation and Applied Investigation of Quaternary Sediments in Croatia) project

The SAPIQ (Standardisation and Applied Investigation of Quaternary Sediments in Croatia) project began on the 1st of September, 2014, finished on the 31st of December, 2017. It was funded by the Croatian Science Foundation. The principal investigator of the project was Dr. Sc. Lidija Galović.

Quaternary sediments in Croatia cover about 40% of its surface and thus have an important role in the economy of the country. Models and tools implemented in investigations enable wider application of results in economy. Furthermore, Quaternary deposits are direct results of ancient climate conditions and hence understanding them can help interpreting and predicting actual events.

The goal of this Installation Research Project was to establish a group of researchers in the Croatian Geological Survey (CGS), Department of Geology, to additionally equip and train them, so that they could standardize and carry out their research of Quaternary sediments of Croatia by applying new analytical techniques and new scientific findings. The newly acquired complex data enabled correlating our results with those of EU, especially of the central and southern parts Europe.

In this project we have investigated Quaternary sediments from both the Pannonian and the Dinaric regions. During the first year we became familiar with the new equipment and methodology, and explored different types of Quaternary sediments in Croatia. In the second and third years of the project we achieved a detailed classification of the Quaternary sediments of the selected areas within each region (Pannonian and Dinaric).

The strategic importance of Quaternary sediments for Croatia is based partly on the agricultural utilization of Holocene soils developed on these deposits and partly on their exploitation as a collector of drinking water, activities affecting entire biosphere. Furthermore, the hydrogeological properties of individual horizons of Quaternary sediments differ, particularly if Pannonian and Dinaric regions are compared, which is why insight into the structures of sediment layers could open the way to finding the new water resources.

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