Mafic enclaves in peraluminous Variscan granitoid in the Battonya Unit from Southeast Hungary

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Gyorgy Buda
Elemér Pál-Molnár
Friedrich Koller


Variscan granitoids occur in the southeastern part of the Tisza Mega Unit of Hungary. The presence of amphibole, calc-alkaline-type Mg-rich biotite in metaluminous basic enclaves, and muscovite and Fe-Al-biotite in peraluminous granitoids, suggests a mixed I-S-type origin. Two types of muscovite have been identifi ed: a primary euhedral to subhedral, Ti-Na-Al rich variety, crystallized after Fe-rich peraluminous biotite in the two-mica granite and in muscovite granite, and a secondary subhedral Si enriched and Mg-bearing, Ti-poor mica formed as a hydrothermal alteration product of feldspars, and is present in all rock types. Given the compositional continuum of “white micas”, we suggest that magmatic crystallization was followed by autometasomatic and hydrothermal activity, due to a water-rich liquid rapped in the rock during the final stages of magmatic activity. Based on the bulk composition of the prevailing rock-type, the abundance of primary muscovite, the majority of the granitoid magma crystallized from a watersaturated peraluminous melt for which the pressure was 490–600 MPa, the temperatures were 650–685 °C and the depth of the intrusion was a minimum of 15 km.


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Article Details

Original Scientific Papers
Author Biographies

Gyorgy Buda, Eötvös L. University Department of Mineralogy, Eotvos Lorand University

Department of Mineralogy


Elemér Pál-Molnár, Univ. Szeged Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology

Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology

Assoc. Professor

Friedrich Koller, Univ. Vienna Dep. of Lithospheric Research

Univ. Vienna
Dep. of Lithospheric Research



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