Santonian planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of the northern Tunisia

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Zaineb Elamri
Sherif Farouk
Dalila Zaghbib-Turki


Planktonic foraminifera were quantitatively analyzed across the Upper Coniacian - Lower Campanian succession at Jebel Ennahli and Ettout sections, northern Tunisia. This succession is characterized by hemipelagic facies domainated by a continuous sedimentary succession, allowing a good biostratigraphic correlation for this time interval. 55 planktonic foraminiferal species have been identified belonging to 13 genera. The distribution pattern of 17 heterohelicids and 38 trochospiral forms reveals to the identification of12 major bio-events and establishing three zones based on heterohelicids and five zones based on trochospiral forms. The trochospiral based zones are from base to top:  Dicarinella primitiva Interval Zone, Dicarinella concavata Interval Zone, Dicarinella asymetrica Total Range Zone, and Globotruncanita elevata/Globotruncana arca Concurrent Range Zone, Globotruncana ventricosa Interval Zone; while the three heterohelicid based  planktonic foraminiferal biozones are: Pseudotextularia nuttalli Interval Zone, Sigalia carpatica Interval Zone, Ventilabrella eggeri/Planoglobulina manuelensisConcurrent Range Zone. The bioevents and planktonic foraminiferal zones were correlated with the previously published works especially in Tunisia and other palaeolatitude provinces.

There are no significant planktonic foraminiferal datums recorded across the Coniacian/Santonian boundary (CSB) except the lowest occurrence (LO) of Dicarinella asymetrica, which was recorded slightly below the LO of inoceramid Platyceramus cycloides cycloides representing a good proxy for the CSB. The Santonian/Campanian boundary of the studied sections are characterized by a major turnover represented by the highest occurrence of SigaliaDicarinella and Whiteinella genera; in addition to the lowest occurrence of Ventilabrella and Planoglobulina genera and above slightly the LO Globotruncana and Globotruncanita.


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Article Details

Original Scientific Papers
Author Biographies

Zaineb Elamri, University of Kairouan, Institute of Arts and Crafts

Sherif Farouk, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Exploration Department

Dalila Zaghbib-Turki, University of Tunis-El Manar, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geology